Homelessness has been described as a state in which people do not have access to regular dwellings. Homeless people do not have the ability to obtain and retain safe and secure housing for their basic needs. Broadly speaking, homelessness is a state of living in which people do not have access to fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence. Some people sleep at domestic violent shelters, warming centers, vehicles, and squatting cardboard boxes. Such people can be included in the definition of being homeless individuals.
The causes of homelessness have been identified to be multiple as they can include the absence of viable employment opportunities. Poverty and destitution is the leading cause of homelessness while affordable housing remains a challenge in many countries. Another reason for homelessness is the fact that accessible healthcare remains outside the reach of many people. Studies document that government abuses, wars, natural disasters, and mental disorders also play a leading role in the proliferation of homelessness in the world.
Homeless people are vulnerable to disease, poverty, and crime that can have a negative impact on their well-being. Governments are striving to partner with private individuals and organizations in combating homelessness by providing adequate and safe shelters for homeless individuals. Moreover, the broad based strategy against homelessness focuses on providing basic healthcare services to individuals in order to ensure sound outcomes.
Employment opportunities can also be given to homeless people such as using them for waste management processes. Many private organizations are providing training to homeless people so that they can become self-reliant and independent. Homelessness is a major problem that needs to be resolved through the use of innovative and effective strategies. The problem is tackled through the partnerships between the key stakeholders of society. Homelessness can be tackled by reducing discrimination, bias, and poverty in society. Moreover, homeless people need to be provided with training and development that can help them to explore adequate and meaningful employment opportunities.
Homelessness is a social problem that can create a negative impact at the individual and societal levels. The best strategy to combat homelessness is to identify the root causes and develop proactive strategies in order to ensure sound outcomes. Moreover, homelessness can be combated by ensuring that basic social services like healthcare and education are available for the citizens of any country. Government agencies should strive to ensure that they have adequate data about homelessness in order to create effective strategies that will tackle the problem.